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Jordan (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan)

Jordan (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 16 of 130 (12%) seats in the Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Mar 15, 2022

Single/Lower House

Majlis Al-Nuwaab / House of Representatives

Total seats 130
Total Women 16
% Women 12%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

In Jordan’s mixed-member proportional electoral system, 108 members are elected from 45 single or multi-member districts, 15 seats are reserved for women (Article 8(B)) from 12 governorates and 3 bedouin districts (as part of the 2012 electoral law reform) and 27 members are elected through a proportional representation system.

For the allocation of the 15 reserved seats for women, the election commission will calculate the percentage of votes for unsuccessful women candidates in district elections by dividing the number of votes they obtain by the total number of votes cast in their constituency. The 15 women candidates who obtain the highest percentage of votes nationwide will be declared elected on the condition that no governorate obtains more than one reserved seat for women (Article 51 of Law no. 25, 2012 on parliamentary elections).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes

Article 4

 

The party deserves a financial contribution according to the following: 

 

a - 20,000 dinars In the event that the party nominates at least six candidates for the parliamentary elections in the nomination lists, provided that this nomination includes at least three constituencies. The financial contribution will be increased by 15% in case the nominees included women candidates or candidates under the age of (35) years.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law 297 of the 970 municipal council seats are reserved for women (amounting to 30% of all municipal council seats).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Additional Information

 Women in Jordan have had the right to vote since 1974. The quota system was introduced in the 2003 elections through amendments to Article 11 of the electoral law of 2001. The amended legislation provided a quota provision reserving six of the 110 seats (5.45 per cent) for women in the national parliament. These six seats were allocated to those women candidates who had achieved the highest percentage of all votes cast in their respective constituencies, apart from women who may have been elected in direct elections. Only one woman was elected directly in 2007.

After the House of Representatives was dissolved in November 2009 by King Abdullah II, the Cabinet adopted a new ‘temporary’ election law in May 2010 for the elections in November 2010, raising the number of reserved seats for women from 6 to 12 (reserving one seat per each of the 12 governorates). Following the introduction of this increased number of reserved seats for women, 13 women were elected in the National Assembly — 12 through a women’s quota and one through a direct election in Amman’s Third District (2010).

As part of the 2012 electoral reforms, the quota for women was increased to 15 seats for the January 2013 elections, while the statutory number of members of the House of Representatives was increased to 150. In the 2013 elections, 18 women were elected to parliament — 15 through the reserved seats (12 from each governorate and three from the Bedouin or ‘Badia’ districts), two as part of the proportional representation lists, and one through the majoritarian system in the districts.

King Abdullah dissolved the House of Representatives in September 2020 in light of elections in November. 360 women stood for the elections, compared to 252 back in 2016, yet solely 15 were elected of which all to reserved seats, implying a decrease from the 20 that were elected in 2016.

Sources

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