Gender Quotas Database

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Greece (Hellenic Republic)

Greece (Hellenic Republic) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 56 of 300 (19%) seats in the Vouli Ton Ellinon / Hellenic Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 16, 2019

Single/Lower House

Vouli Ton Ellinon / Hellenic Parliament

Total seats 300
Total Women 56
% Women 19%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

The Constitution provides that ‘adoption of positive measures for promoting equality between men and women does not constitute discrimination on grounds of sex. The State shall take measures for the elimination of inequalities actually existing, in particular to the detriment of women (Article 116, para 2).

Electoral law Article 34 of Presidential Decree 26/2012 states that at least one-third of political parties’ candidate lists, both for national and constituency lists, must be filled with candidates of each sex. Any decimal number is rounded to the next whole unit if the fraction is half or more. For example, in an electoral district in which ten members of parliament are elected, at least three of the candidates must be men or women (10/3= 3.33). 288 deputies are elected by open list proportional representation from multi-member constituencies and 12 deputies are elected by closed party lists in a single, country-wide constituency, on the basis of the total number of votes that each party received.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the gender quota requirement is not met, the party list is not accepted by the Supreme Court (Article 35 of Presidential Decree 26/2012).

Rank order/placement rules No

None

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No

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See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No

BLANK


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

The Article 116, paragraph 2, of the Greek Constitution states that positive measures taken to promote equality between men and women do not consist gender discrimination. The state shall ensure the promotion of the elimination of disparities, especially against women.

Electoral law

The number of candidates of either sex for community, municipal and regional council elections must be equal to at least one-third of the total number of members the community, municipal or regional council. Any decimal number is rounded to the next whole unit if the fraction is half or more. For example, in an 11-member community council at least 4 candidates must be men or women (11/3=3,66) (Article 18, para. 3 of Law 3852/2010).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the gender quota requirement is not met, the party list is not admitted (Article 19 (6) of Law 3852/2010).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

None

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement Panellenio Sosialistiko Kimena [PASOK] PASOK has a 40 percent minimum quota for women on party lists (Socialist International Women).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information


Greece has implemented one-third gender quotas for women and men in all collective organs of public institutions, as well as for national commissions in the field of research and technology, provided that candidates are adequately qualified (Ministry of Interior, General Secretariat for Gender Equality).

Additional reading

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