Gender Quotas Database

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Greece (Hellenic Republic)

Greece (Hellenic Republic) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 65 of 300 (22%) seats in the Vouli Ton Ellinon / Hellenic Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Feb 12, 2021

Single/Lower House

Vouli Ton Ellinon / Hellenic Parliament

Total seats 300
Total Women 65
% Women 22%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

The Constitution provides that ‘adoption of positive measures for promoting equality between men and women does not constitute discrimination on grounds of sex. The State shall take measures for the elimination of inequalities actually existing, in particular to the detriment of women (Article 116, para 2).

Electoral law

The Decision 65/2019 by the Supreme Civil and Criminal Court of Greece establishes 40% gender quota for the candidates at all electoral procedures (national, regional, municipal and European elections). This, modifies the previous article 34 of Presidential Decree 26/2012 which stated that, at least, one-third of political parties’ candidate lists, both for national and constituency lists, must be filled with candidates of each sex

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the gender quota requirement is not met, the party list is not accepted by the Supreme Court (Article 35 of Presidential Decree 26/2012).

Rank order/placement rules No

None

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No

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See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No

BLANK


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

The Article 116, paragraph 2, of the Greek Constitution states that positive measures taken to promote equality between men and women do not consist gender discrimination. The state shall ensure the promotion of the elimination of disparities, especially against women.

Electoral law

The Decision 65/2019 by the Supreme Civil and Criminal Court of Greece establishes 40% gender quota for the candidates at all electoral procedures (national, regional, municipal and European elections). This, modifies the previous article 34 of Presidential Decree 26/2012 which stated that, at least, one-third of political parties’ candidate lists, both for national and constituency lists, must be filled with candidates of each sex.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the gender quota requirement is not met, the party list is not admitted (Article 19 (6) of Law 3852/2010).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

None

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement Panellenio Sosialistiko Kimena [PASOK] PASOK has a 40 percent minimum quota for women on party lists (Socialist International Women).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information


Greece has implemented one-third gender quotas for women and men in all collective organs of public institutions, as well as for national commissions in the field of research and technology, provided that candidates are adequately qualified (Ministry of Interior, General Secretariat for Gender Equality).

Additional reading

  • Anagnostou, D. (2018). The Protracted Struggle for Gender Quotas in Greek Politics: Constitutional Reform and Feminist Mobilization in the EU Context. In É Lépinard & R. Rubio-Marín (Eds.), Transforming Gender Citizenship: The Irresistible Rise of Gender Quotas in Europe (Cambridge Studies in Law and Society, pp. 157-185). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108636797.006
  • Greece Parliament website, http://www.parliament.gr/

Additional reading

Europe | Global

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