Gender Quotas Database

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Congo, Democratic Republic of (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Congo, Democratic Republic of (Democratic Republic of the Congo) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house and at the sub-national level. 50 of 500 (10%) seats in the Assemblee nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 12, 2019

Single/Lower House

Assemblee nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 500
Total Women 50
% Women 10%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System FPTP List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

Women have the right to equal representation in national, provincial and local institutions. The state shall ensure the implementation of parity between men and women in such institutions. The procedures for the implementation of these rights shall be established by law. (Article 14 of the 2006 Constitution, as amended in 2011)

Electoral law

Each party list is established taking into account the representation of men and women. (Article 13 of the 2006 Electoral Law as amended in 2017)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

The electoral law does not provide for any sanctions for non-compliance with the parity principle. ‘The non-compliance with parity between men and women does not entail the rejection of a candidate list’ (Article 13  of the 2006 Electoral Law as amended in 2017)

Rank order/placement rules No None
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Sénat / Senate

Total seats 109
Total Women 23
% Women 21%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System Indirectly elected
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

Women have the right to equal representation in national, provincial and local institutions. The State shall ensure the implementation of parity between men and women in such institutions. The procedures for the implementation of these rights shall be established by law. (Article 14 of the 2006 Constitution, as amended in 2011)

Electoral law

Each party list is established taking into account the representation of men and women. (Article 13  of the 2006 Electoral Law as amended in 2017)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

The electoral law does not provide for any sanctions for non-compliance with the parity principle. ‘The non-compliance with parity between men and women does not entail the rejection of a candidate list’ (Article 13 of the 2006 Electoral Law as amended in 2017).

Rank order/placement rules No None

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

Women have the right to equal representation in national, provincial and local institutions. The State shall ensure the implementation of parity between men and women in such institutions. The procedures for the implementation of these rights shall be established by law. (Article 14 of the 2006 Constitution, as amended in 2011)

Electoral law

For Local government: The composition of the bureau of the deliberative body must take into consideration the representation of the woman (Organic Law n. 08/016 of 7 October 2008,, Art.20).

For provinces: The composition of the Provincial government must take into account provincial representativeness and women (Law n.08/012 of 31 July 2008 on the fundamental principles related to the free administration of provinces, Art.23)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Electoral law does not provide for any sanctions for non-compliance with the parity principle. ‘The non-compliance with parity between men and women does not entail the rejection of a candidate list’ (Article 13 (4) of the 2006 Electoral Law as amended in 2011).

Rank order/placement rules No None

Additional Information

Considering the lack of enforcement mechanisms and measures to encourage the participation of women in politics, the quota provisions fell short of ensuring equal representation of men and women in the 2011 legislative elections. As a result, women constituted only 12.05 per cent of the total number of candidates and subsequently won only 9 % of the seats in the National Assembly.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Africa | Global

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