Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Hungary (Republic of Hungary)

Hungary (Republic of Hungary) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 26 of 199 (13%) seats in the Országgyülés / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Jan 18, 2023

Single/Lower House

Országgyülés / National Assembly

Total seats 199
Total Women 26
% Women 13%
Election Year 2022
Electoral System MMP
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Hungarian Socialist Party Magyar Szocialista Párt [MSzP] MSzP has a 20 percent quota for women (Ványi, 2016; Fodor, 2013).
Politics Can be Different Lehet Mas a Politika [LMP] In the party's National Assembly and European Parliament electoral lists maximum two repeated candidates of the same sex may follow each other.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information





Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Hungary on iKNOW Politics
  • G. Ilonszki & A. Vajda (2019), "Women’s Substantive Representation in Decline: The Case of Democratic Failure in Hungary". Politics & Gender, 15 (2019), 240–261.
  • Varnagý, R. 2013. "Women's Representation in the Hungarian Parliament". OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). Published December 2013. Accessed 1 October 2018.
  • Ilonszki, G. 2000. ‘Gloomy Present, Bright Future? A Gender Perspective of Party Politics in Hungary.’ Paper presented at the Perspectives for Gender Equality Politics in Central and Eastern Europe Workshop, The Peace Institute, Ljubljana, May.
  • Jalusic, V. and Antic, M. 2000. Prospects for Gender Equality Policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Vienna: Institute for Human Sciences.
  • Szalai, J. 1998. ‘Women and Democratization: Some Notes on Recent Changes in Hungary’ Jacquette, Jane and Sharon L. Wolchik: Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. John Hopkins University Press, pp. 185-202.
  • Petö, A. 1997. ‘Hungarian Women in Politics’ Joan Scott, Cora Kaplan and Debra Keats (eds.). Transitions, Environments, Translations: The Meanings of Feminism in Contemporary Politics. New York. Routledge.
  • Hungarian Parliament website,

Additional reading

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