Gender Quotas Database

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Hungary (Republic of Hungary)

Hungary (Republic of Hungary) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 25 of 199 (13%) seats in the Országgyülés / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Apr 16, 2019

Single/Lower House

Országgyülés / National Assembly

Total seats 199
Total Women 25
% Women 13%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System MMP
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Hungarian Socialist Party Magyar Szocialista Párt [MSzP] MSzP has a 20 percent quota for women (Ványi, 2016; Fodor, 2013).
Politics Can be Different Lehet Mas a Politika [LMP] In the party's National Assembly and European Parliament electoral lists maximum two repeated candidates of the same sex may follow each other.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

 

Sources

Ványi, É. 2016. "The representation of women in the government decision making in Hungary. Woman’s participation at the middle-level". Page 124. Published 16 November 2016. Accessed 1 October 2018. 

 

Fodor, E. 2013. "The Policy on Gender Equality in Hungary - Update 2013". European Parliament. Page 7. Accessed 1 October 2018.

Additional reading

  • Varnagý, Réka. 2013. "Women's Representation in the Hungarian Parliament". OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). Published December 2013. Accessed 1 October 2018.
  • Ilonszki, Gabriella. 2000. ‘Gloomy Present, Bright Future? A Gender Perspective of Party Politics in Hungary.’ Paper presented at the Perspectives for Gender Equality Politics in Central and Eastern Europe Workshop, The Peace Institute, Ljubljana, May.
  • Jalusic, Vlasta and Milica Antic. 2000. Prospects for Gender Equality Policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Vienna: Institute for Human Sciences.
  • Szalai, Julia. 1998. ‘Women and Democratization: Some Notes on Recent Changes in Hungary’ Jacquette, Jane and Sharon L. Wolchik: Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. John Hopkins University Press, pp. 185-202.
  • Petö, Andrea. 1997. ‘Hungarian Women in Politics’ Joan Scott, Cora Kaplan and Debra Keats (eds.). Transitions, Environments, Translations: The Meanings of Feminism in Contemporary Politics. New York. Routledge.
  • Hungarian Parliament website, http://www.parlament.hu/

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