Gender Quotas Database

Country Data

EXPLORE QUOTA DATA    

 

Haiti (Republic of Haiti)

Haiti (Republic of Haiti) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house. 0 of 119 (0%) seats in the Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Oct 28, 2021

Single/Lower House

Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats 119
Total Women 0
% Women
Election Year 2015
Electoral System TRS
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution The Constitution as amended in 2012 recognizes the principle of a minimum quota of 30% for women at all levels, especially in public life (Article 17.1). The Constitution further requires that all laws related to political parties, their structures and functional mechanisms need to reserve minimum 30% of positions for women (Article 30.1.1).
Electoral law  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes

"During parliamentary elections, a political party or political group which presents at least fifty percent (50%) of female candidates and succeeds in electing half of them will benefit from a twenty-five percent (25%) increase in public funding at the next legislative election." Source: Article 129 , Decret Electoral, 2015


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? Yes, reduced nomination fee

"The party or political group that registers 30% of women will benefit from a 40% discount on registration fees." Source: Article 92.1, Decret Electoral, 2015


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Sénat / Senate

Total seats 10
Total Women 0
% Women
Election Year 2017
Electoral System
Quota Type Reserved seats>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution The Constitution recognizes the principle of a minimum quota of 30% for women at all levels, especially in the public life (Article 17.1). The Constitution further requires that all laws related to political parties, their structures and functional mechanisms need to reserve minimum 30% of positions for women (Article 30.1.1).
Electoral law  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Additional Information

While the Constitution recognized the general principle of a minimum 30% quota for women at all levels, the implementing legislation is necessary to translate this general provision into practical electoral and other mechanisms. Currently, no legislation relating to elections or political parties provides for such a mechanism.

The Union of Social Democrats of Haiti (Parti fusion des sociaux-démocrates haïtiens) has a 25% quota for women, but has not been represented in Parliament since the 2006 elections.

"Haiti is simultaneously facing a political crisis and a humanitarian one. Haitian president Jovenal Moïse was assassinated on 7 July 2021 by a group of mercenaries, destabilizing an already precarious political situation and plunging the country’s future into uncertainty" (UN Women).

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

  • Lassègue, M. J. 2011. Towards a female quota: Supporting Haiti's newly adopted constitutional amendment. Feature Article. International IDEA.

Additional reading

Additional reading

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