Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala)

Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 31 of 160 (19%) seats in the Congreso de la República / Congress of the Republic are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Feb 16, 2023

Single/Lower House

Congreso de la República / Congress of the Republic

Total seats 160
Total Women 31
% Women 19%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
National Unity for Hope Party Unidad Nacional de Esperanza [UNE] UNE has a 40 percent quota for women on electoral lists since 2007 (López Robles 2008, p. 15).
Guatemalan Revolutionary Unity Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca [URNG] At least 30 percent of each sex should be represented on electoral lists (2002; López Robles 2008, p. 14).
Seed Movement (Semilla) Movimiento Semilla Candidate lists for election positions and internal party positions may not have more than 60% of people of the same gender (Article 153).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

In 1997 the Civic Alliance of Women's Associations and the National Office on Women proposed a quota for candidates for elected posts - maximum of 44 percent for either sex - but the Electoral Reform Commission argued that the proposal was discriminatory.

In 1998 a Bill was introduced in Congress proposing a system of quotas to increase women's political participation to 44 percent of all party lists at both the municipal and national levels. The bill left room for negotiation, setting 30 percent as the minimum acceptable percentage. Although the bill mustered more support than expected, its passage required a two-thirds majority, which it did not achieve.

In 2009, the CEDAW Committee encouraged Guatemala to amend the Electoral Law and Political Parties Act with the proposal of guaranteeing equal participation of women. However, this regulation has not been yet developed. (informe Atenea 2018, p.46).





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