Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)

Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 212 of 547 (39%) seats in the Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete / House of Peoples' Representatives are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: May 18, 2020

Single/Lower House

Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete / House of Peoples' Representatives

Total seats 547
Total Women 212
% Women 39%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System FPTP
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Upper House

Total seats 153
Total Women 49
% Women 32%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System
Quota Type No legislated>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: No legislated Electoral law  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No data available
Rank order/placement rules No data available

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front [EPRDF] In 2004, Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front has a 30 percent party quota.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Article 54.3 of the Constitution establishes that "Members of the House, on the basis of population and special representation of minority Nationalities and Peoples, shall not exceed 550; of these, minority Nationalities and Peoples shall have at least 20 seats. Particulars shall be determined by law." The quota is for Minorities so it is not considered gender quota because it is not focused only in women.





M. A. Mohamed Salih, Political Parties in Africa: Challenges for sustained multipleparty democracy, International IDEA 2007

Additional reading

  • Okock, O, Asfaw, M. (2014): 'Assessment of Gender Equality in Ethiopia: The Position of Ethiopian Women’s Political Representation from the World, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Eastern Africa Ethiopian Civil Service University' Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization. Vol. 28.
  • Ethiopian Parliament website,

Additional reading

Africa | Global

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