Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 212 of 547 (39%) seats in the Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete / House of Peoples' Representatives are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Bicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? No
- For the Upper House? No
- For the Sub-National Level? No
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties? Yes
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: May 18, 2020
|Quota Type||No legislated>|
|Election details||IPU Parline|
|Quota type: No legislated||Electoral law|
|Legal sanctions for non-compliance||No data available|
|Rank order/placement rules||No data available|
Voluntary Political Party Quotas*
|Party||Official name||Details, Quota provisions|
|Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front||[EPRDF]||In 2004, Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front has a 30 percent party quota.|
* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.
Article 54.3 of the Constitution establishes that "Members of the House, on the basis of population and special representation of minority Nationalities and Peoples, shall not exceed 550; of these, minority Nationalities and Peoples shall have at least 20 seats. Particulars shall be determined by law." The quota is for Minorities so it is not considered gender quota because it is not focused only in women.
- Constitution of Ethiopia (English version)
M. A. Mohamed Salih, Political Parties in Africa: Challenges for sustained multipleparty democracy, International IDEA 2007
- Okock, O, Asfaw, M. (2014): 'Assessment of Gender Equality in Ethiopia: The Position of Ethiopian Women’s Political Representation from the World, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Eastern Africa Ethiopian Civil Service University' Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization. Vol. 28.
- Ethiopian Parliament website, http://ethiopar.net/