Gender Quotas Database



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  • Powley, Elisabeth (2008) 'Defending Children's Rights: The Legislative Priorities of Rwandan Women Parliamentarians', The Initiative for Inclusive Security, A Program of Hunt Alternatives Fund:
  • Hansson, Frida (2007) 'Consitution-Making Explanations to Gender Quotas. A Case Study of the Introduction of Reserved Seats for Women in the Rwandan Parliament.' Master Thesis, Uppsala University.
  • Longman, Timothy (2006) 'Rwanda: Achieving Equality or Serving an Authoritarian State?' in Gretchen Bauer and Hanna Evelyn Briton (eds.), Women in African Parliaments. Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner Publishers.
  • Schwartz, Helle (2004) 'Women's Representation in the Rwandan Parliament'. Master Thesis, Dept. of Political Science, Gothenburg University.
  • Powley, E. ‘Strengthening Governance: The Role of Women in Rwanda’s Transition’, paper presented at the Women Waging Peace Policy Commission, September 2003.

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”:

Women's Environment and Development Organization,

Online Women in Politics,

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.



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