Gender Quotas Database



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  • Women's Political Participation and Electoral Quotas in Romania — Dr. Anca Turcu, Department of Political Science, Iowa State University, November 2009.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1999. Participation of Women in Political Life: An assessment of developments in national parliaments, political parties, governments and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, five years after the Fourth World Conference on Women. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Fischer, Mary Ellen. 1998. ‘From Tradition and Ideology to Elections and Competition: The Changing Status of Women in Romanian Politics.’ in Armonk: M. E. Sharpe (ed.). Women in the Politics of Post communist Eastern Europe. Marilyn Rueschmeyer Inc. pp. 168-195.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Men and Women in Politics: Democracy Still in the Making:  A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Fischer, Mary Ellen. 1985. ‘Women in Romanian Politics: Elena Ceauşescu, Pronatalism, and the Promotion of Women.’ Sharon L. Wolchik and Alfred G. Meyer (eds). Women, State, and Party in Eastern Europe. Durham: Duke University Press. pp. 121-137.
  • Romanian Parliament website,

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”:

Women's Environment and Development Organization,

Online Women in Politics,

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.



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