Gender Quotas Database



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  • Fuszara, Malgorzata (2008): "Poland - One step forward, one step back: The Polish dance around a quota system", in Electoral Gender Quota Systems and Their Implementation in Europe. Report to the European Parliament by Drude Dahlerup and Lenita Freidenvall in co-operation with International IDEA. PE 408:309.
  • Jalusic, Vlasta and Milica Antic. 2000. Prospects for Gender Equality Policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Vienna: Institute for Human Sciences.
  • Siemienska, Renata. 2000. ‘Political Representation of Women and Mechanisms of its Creation in Poland.’ Paper presented at the Perspectives for Gender Equality Politics in Central and Eastern Europe Workshop. The Peace Institute, Ljubljana, May.
  • Regulska, Joanna. 1998. ‘Transitions to Local Democracy: Do Polish Women Have a Chance?’ Marilyn Rueschmeyer. (ed.). Women in the Politics of Post Communist Eastern Europe. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, Inc. pp. 33-63
  • Siemienska, Renata. 1998. ‘Consequences of Ecenomic and Political Changes for Women in Poland’  Jacquette,’ Jane and Sharon L. Wolchik (eds.). Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. John Hopkins University Press, pp. 125-152.
  • Poland Parliament website,

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”:

Women's Environment and Development Organization,

Online Women in Politics,

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.



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