Gender Quotas Database



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  • Baldez, L. ‘Obedecieron y Cumplieran? The Impact of the Gender Quota Law in Mexico’, paper presented at the XXV International Congress of Latin America Studies Association, Las Vegas, October 2004.
  • Bartra, E. 2002. ‘Três Décades de Neofeminismo en México’ in E. Bartra, A. Poncela and A. Lau (eds) Feminismo en México, Ayer y Hoy, Colección Molinos de Viento, Serie Mayor 130, Cuidad de México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.
  • Htun, Mala N. 2002. Women in Political Power in Latin America. Manuscript.
  • Htun, Mala N. and Mark P. Jones. 2002. ‘Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-Making: Electoral Quotas and Women's Leadership in Latin America.’ Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux(ed.) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave. pp. 32-56.
  • Lovera, Sara. 2002. ‘Indispensable que partidos políticos incluyan candidaturas igualitarias entre hombres y mujeres’ (Indispensable that political parties include a balanced list of male and female candidates)., March 6.
  • Maya, Rafael. 2002a. ‘Se retracta el PAN de demanda de inconstitucionalidad’ (The PAN retracts its inconstitutionality demands). January 15.
  • Peschard, Jacqueline. 2002. ‘El sistema de cuotas en América Latina. Panorama general,’ in International IDEA. Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 173-186.
  • Jimenez Polanco, Jacqueline. 2001. ‘La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine: une analyse comparée’ (Women's political representation in Latin America: a comparative analysis). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (ed.)  La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 27-81.
  • Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas. 2001. Women and Power in the Americas: A Report Card. Washington: Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Stevenson, Linda S. 1999. ‘Gender Politics in the Mexican Democratization Process.’ In Towards Mexico's Democratization, ed.Jorge Dominguez and Alejandro Poire. New York: Routledge.
  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Kapur, Vatsala. 1998. ‘Women's Contribution to the Democratization of Mexican Politics: An Exploration of Their Formal Participation in the National Action Party and the Party of the Democratic Revolutioni.’ Mexican Studies 14, no. 2. pp. 363-388.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997b. Towards Partnership Between Men and Women in Politics. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Fernández Poncela, Anna M., ed. 1995. Participación política: Las mujeres en México al final del milenio(Political participation: Women in Mexico at the end of the millennium). Mexico City: El Colegio de México.
  • Mexican Parliament website,

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”:

Women's Environment and Development Organization,

Online Women in Politics,

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.



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