Gender Quotas Database



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  • Lowe-Morna, C. 2000. ‘Strategies for Increasing Women's Participation in Politics’, paper presented to the Fifth Meeting of Commonwealth Ministers Responsible for Women's Affairs.
  • Leisure, S. 1999. ‘Exchanging Participation for Promises: Mobilization of Women in Eritrea’, in Jill M Bystydzienski and Joti Sekhon (eds) Democratization and Women's Grassroots Movements, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
  • Connell, D. 1998. ‘Strategies for Change: Women and Politics in Eritrea and South Africa’, in Review of African Political Economy, No. 76, pp. 189-206.

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”:

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”:

Women's Environment and Development Organization,

Online Women in Politics,

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.



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