Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 249 27.7%
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 140 17.9%
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
119 of 462 25.8%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
75 of 220 34.1%
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
100 of 257 38.9%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 105 17.1%
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
39 of 150 26%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 183 33.3%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 348 19.8%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
59 of 150 39.3%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
69 of 130 53.1%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 42 21.4%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
6 of 63 9.5%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
55 of 513 10.7%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 127 15.7%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
34 of 105 32.4%
Cameroon
(FPTP PBV List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
56 of 180 31.1%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
88 of 338 26%
Cape Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 72 23.6%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
19 of 120 15.8%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
699 of 2987 23.4%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 166 18.7%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
44 of 492 8.9%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
20 of 57 35.1%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
27 of 255 10.6%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
23 of 151 15.2%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
11 of 56 19.6%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
39 of 200 19.5%
Denmark
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
70 of 179 39.1%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
7 of 65 10.8%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
51 of 190 26.8%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
52 of 137 38%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
89 of 596 14.9%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
27 of 84 32.1%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 100 22%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
22 of 105 21%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
212 of 547 38.8%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
155 of 577 26.9%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 150 12%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
229 of 630 36.3%
Ghana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 275 10.9%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
59 of 300 19.7%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
20 of 158 12.7%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 114 21.9%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
21 of 69 30.4%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
3 of 119 2.5%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 128 25.8%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
19 of 199 9.5%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 63 39.7%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
62 of 543 11.4%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
94 of 560 16.8%
Iraq
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
83 of 328 25.3%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
35 of 158 22.2%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
27 of 120 22.5%
Italy
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
198 of 630 31.4%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 150 12%
Kazakhstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 107 29%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
65 of 350 18.6%
Korea, Dem. People's Republic of
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
112 of 687 16.3%
Korea, Republic of
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
51 of 300 17%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
40 of 120 33.3%
Kyrgyzstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
23 of 120 19.2%
Lebanon
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
4 of 128 3.1%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 120 25%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 73 11%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 200 15%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
34 of 141 24.1%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 60 23.3%
Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-)
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
38 of 123 30.9%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 192 16.7%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 147 9.5%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
10 of 70 14.3%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 147 25.2%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 69 11.6%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
213 of 500 42.6%
Moldova, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 101 19.8%
Mongolia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
10 of 74 13.5%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 81 14.8%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
66 of 395 16.7%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
99 of 250 39.6%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 104 41.3%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
176 of 597 29.5%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
54 of 150 36%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
42 of 92 45.7%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 171 14.6%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
67 of 169 39.6%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 342 19.6%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 71 18.3%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
12 of 80 15%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
36 of 130 27.7%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
79 of 289 27.3%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
126 of 460 27.4%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
61 of 230 26.5%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
10 of 136 7.4%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
68 of 329 20.7%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
51 of 80 63.8%
Samoa
(FPTP BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
5 of 50 10%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
64 of 150 42.7%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
85 of 250 34%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
15 of 121 12.4%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 150 20%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 90 35.6%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
1 of 50 2%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 275 24.4%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
163 of 400 40.8%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
88 of 332 26.5%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
126 of 350 36%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
11 of 225 4.9%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
88 of 354 24.9%
Swaziland
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
4 of 65 6.2%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
152 of 349 43.6%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
64 of 200 32%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 113 32.7%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
126 of 350 36%
Thailand
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
79 of 500 15.8%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 65 38.5%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
14 of 91 15.4%
Trinidad and Tobago
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 42 31%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
68 of 217 31.3%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
82 of 550 14.9%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
143 of 458 31.2%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
50 of 422 11.8%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
191 of 650 29.4%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
20 of 99 20.2%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 150 16%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 167 14.4%
Zimbabwe
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 270 31.5%

 

Total # countries with constitutional, electoral or political party quotas: 130
Average level of representation for women in countries with quotas: 23.5%

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