Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 248 27%
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 140 33.6%
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 407 8.1%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
65 of 220 29.5%
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
109 of 257 42.4%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
36 of 107 33.6%
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
47 of 151 31.1%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
73 of 183 39.9%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
73 of 350 20.9%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
63 of 150 42%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
60 of 130 46.2%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
11 of 42 26.2%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
7 of 65 10.8%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
78 of 513 15.2%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 127 6.3%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 123 38.2%
Cabo Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 72 37.5%
Cameroon
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 180 33.9%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
100 of 338 29.6%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 155 22.6%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
742 of 2975 24.9%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
32 of 170 18.8%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
64 of 500 12.8%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 57 45.6%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
36 of 252 14.3%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
47 of 151 31.1%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
8 of 56 14.3%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
46 of 200 23%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 65 26.2%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
53 of 190 27.9%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
54 of 137 39.4%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
162 of 591 27.4%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
23 of 84 27.4%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
23 of 100 23%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 150 22%
Eswatini
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
7 of 73 9.6%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
181 of 425 42.6%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
228 of 577 39.5%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 150 20.7%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
223 of 709 31.5%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
65 of 300 21.7%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
31 of 160 19.4%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
19 of 114 16.7%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
25 of 70 35.7%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
0 of 119 0%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 128 21.1%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 199 12.6%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 63 39.7%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
78 of 540 14.4%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
121 of 575 21%
Iraq
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
87 of 329 26.4%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
36 of 160 22.5%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
34 of 120 28.3%
Italy
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
225 of 630 35.7%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
15 of 130 11.5%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
75 of 347 21.6%
Korea, Republic of
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
57 of 300 19%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
41 of 120 34.2%
Kyrgyzstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 117 17.1%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 120 23.3%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 73 11%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 188 16%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
39 of 141 27.7%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
19 of 60 31.7%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
44 of 192 22.9%
Malaysia
(FPTP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
33 of 222 14.9%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
33 of 121 27.3%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
9 of 67 13.4%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 153 20.3%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
14 of 70 20%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
250 of 500 50%
Moldova, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
40 of 101 39.6%
Mongolia
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 75 17.3%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 81 24.7%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
81 of 395 20.5%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
106 of 250 42.4%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
46 of 104 44.2%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
90 of 275 32.7%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
59 of 150 39.3%
New Zealand
(MMP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
58 of 120 48.3%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 91 47.3%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 166 25.9%
North Macedonia, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 120 39.2%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
75 of 169 44.4%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 342 20.2%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
16 of 71 22.5%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
12 of 80 15%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
52 of 130 40%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 304 28%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
130 of 459 28.3%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
92 of 230 40%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 151 11.3%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 329 18.5%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 80 61.3%
Samoa
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
4 of 44 9.1%
San Marino
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
20 of 60 33.3%
Sao Tome and Principe
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
13 of 55 23.6%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
71 of 165 43%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
98 of 250 39.2%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 146 11.6%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
34 of 150 22.7%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 90 26.7%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
4 of 50 8%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 275 24.4%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
185 of 400 46.3%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
109 of 383 28.5%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
153 of 350 43.7%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 223 5.4%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
133 of 426 31.2%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
164 of 349 47%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
84 of 200 42%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 113 41.6%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
143 of 388 36.9%
Thailand
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
77 of 489 15.7%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 65 38.5%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
17 of 91 18.7%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
57 of 217 26.3%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
104 of 600 17.3%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
174 of 529 32.9%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
88 of 423 20.8%
United Arab Emirates
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
20 of 40 50%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
220 of 650 33.8%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 99 24.2%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
48 of 147 32.7%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 167 22.2%
Viet Nam
(TRS)
151 of 499 30.3%
Zimbabwe
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
86 of 270 31.9%

 

Total # countries with constitutional, electoral or political party quotas: 130
Average level of representation for women in countries with quotas: 27.2%

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.