Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 249 27.7%
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
39 of 140 27.9%
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
119 of 462 25.8%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
59 of 220 26.8%
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
100 of 257 38.9%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 105 17.1%
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 150 28.7%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
63 of 183 34.4%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 350 19.7%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
59 of 150 39.3%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
69 of 130 53.1%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 42 21.4%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
6 of 63 9.5%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
51 of 513 9.9%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 127 9.4%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
44 of 121 36.4%
Cameroon
(FPTP PBV List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
56 of 180 31.1%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
88 of 338 26%
Cape Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 72 23.6%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 155 22.6%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
742 of 3000 24.7%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 166 15.1%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
44 of 500 8.8%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 57 45.6%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
27 of 255 10.6%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
19 of 151 12.6%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
10 of 80 12.5%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
44 of 200 22%
Denmark
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 179 37.4%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
15 of 65 23.1%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
51 of 190 26.8%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
52 of 137 38%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
89 of 596 14.9%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 84 31%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
20 of 100 20%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
22 of 150 14.7%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
212 of 547 38.8%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
224 of 577 38.8%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 150 16%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
218 of 709 30.7%
Ghana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
35 of 275 12.7%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
59 of 300 19.7%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 158 13.9%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 114 21.9%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
21 of 69 30.4%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
3 of 119 2.5%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 128 21.1%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
19 of 199 9.5%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 63 38.1%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
62 of 545 11.4%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
94 of 560 16.8%
Iraq
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
83 of 328 25.3%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
35 of 158 22.2%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
29 of 120 24.2%
Italy
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
225 of 630 35.7%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 130 15.4%
Kazakhstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
29 of 107 27.1%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 350 21.7%
Korea, Dem. People's Republic of
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
112 of 687 16.3%
Korea, Republic of
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
51 of 300 17%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
40 of 120 33.3%
Kyrgyzstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
23 of 120 19.2%
Lebanon
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
4 of 128 3.1%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 122 22.1%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
7 of 73 9.6%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 200 15%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 141 21.3%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 60 23.3%
Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-)
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
38 of 123 30.9%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 193 16.6%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 147 9.5%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
10 of 65 15.4%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 147 25.2%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 69 11.6%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
211 of 500 42.2%
Moldova, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
21 of 101 20.8%
Mongolia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 76 17.1%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
19 of 81 23.5%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
81 of 395 20.5%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
99 of 250 39.6%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 104 41.3%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
176 of 597 29.5%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
54 of 150 36%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
42 of 92 45.7%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 171 14.6%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
70 of 169 41.4%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 342 19.6%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
11 of 71 15.5%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 80 17.5%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
36 of 130 27.7%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
87 of 297 29.3%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
125 of 460 27.2%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
72 of 230 31.3%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 151 11.3%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
68 of 329 20.7%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
51 of 80 63.8%
Samoa
(FPTP BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
5 of 50 10%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 165 41.8%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
85 of 250 34%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 146 12.3%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 150 20%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 90 35.6%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
1 of 50 2%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 275 24.4%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
163 of 400 40.8%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
109 of 400 27.3%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
137 of 350 39.1%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
11 of 225 4.9%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
130 of 426 30.5%
Swaziland
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
4 of 65 6.2%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
152 of 349 43.6%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
64 of 200 32%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 113 32.7%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
136 of 393 34.6%
Thailand
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
12 of 250 4.8%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
21 of 65 32.3%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
14 of 91 15.4%
Trinidad and Tobago
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 42 31%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
68 of 217 31.3%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
82 of 550 14.9%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
153 of 465 32.9%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 450 10.9%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
208 of 650 32%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
16 of 99 16.2%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 150 16%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 167 14.4%
Zimbabwe
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 270 31.5%

 

Total # countries with constitutional, electoral or political party quotas: 130
Average level of representation for women in countries with quotas: 23.8%

Comments

 

Do you have news concerning gender quotas for promoting
the equal participation and representation of women and men?
Please send them to us so that we can keep the information on this site up to date.

 

Contact Us