Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 248 27%
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
36 of 122 29.5%
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
119 of 462 25.8%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
66 of 220 30%
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
105 of 257 40.9%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 132 23.5%
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
46 of 151 30.5%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
72 of 183 39.3%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
73 of 349 20.9%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
61 of 150 40.7%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
56 of 130 43.1%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 42 21.4%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
7 of 65 10.8%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
75 of 513 14.6%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 127 13.4%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 123 38.2%
Cabo Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 72 25%
Cameroon
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 180 33.9%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
98 of 338 29%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 155 22.6%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
742 of 2975 24.9%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 169 18.3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
64 of 500 12.8%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 57 45.6%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
29 of 255 11.4%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 151 23.2%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
11 of 56 19.6%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
45 of 200 22.5%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 65 26.2%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
53 of 190 27.9%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
54 of 137 39.4%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
90 of 596 15.1%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
28 of 84 33.3%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
21 of 100 21%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 150 22%
Eswatini
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
7 of 73 9.6%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
212 of 547 38.8%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
228 of 577 39.5%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
21 of 149 14.1%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
221 of 709 31.2%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
62 of 300 20.7%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
31 of 160 19.4%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
19 of 114 16.7%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
25 of 70 35.7%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
3 of 118 2.5%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 128 21.1%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 199 12.1%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 63 38.1%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
78 of 543 14.4%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
117 of 575 20.3%
Iraq
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
87 of 329 26.4%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
36 of 160 22.5%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 120 25%
Italy
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
225 of 630 35.7%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 130 15.4%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 349 21.8%
Korea, Republic of
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
57 of 300 19%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
39 of 120 32.5%
Kyrgyzstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
23 of 120 19.2%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 120 23.3%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 73 12.3%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 188 16%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
38 of 141 27%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
18 of 60 30%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
44 of 192 22.9%
Malaysia
(FPTP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
31 of 223 13.9%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
41 of 147 27.9%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
9 of 67 13.4%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 153 20.3%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
14 of 70 20%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
241 of 500 48.2%
Moldova, Republic of
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 101 24.8%
Mongolia
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 75 17.3%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 81 22.2%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
81 of 395 20.5%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
103 of 250 41.2%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
45 of 104 43.3%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
90 of 275 32.7%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
50 of 150 33.3%
New Zealand
(MMP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
58 of 120 48.3%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
43 of 91 47.3%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
29 of 171 17%
North Macedonia, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
46 of 120 38.3%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
70 of 169 41.4%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 342 20.2%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
16 of 71 22.5%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
13 of 80 16.3%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
34 of 130 26.2%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 304 28%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
132 of 460 28.7%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
82 of 230 35.7%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 151 11.3%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
72 of 329 21.9%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 80 61.3%
Samoa
(FPTP BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
5 of 50 10%
San Marino
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
19 of 60 31.7%
Sao Tome and Principe
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
8 of 55 14.5%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
71 of 165 43%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
93 of 247 37.7%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 146 12.3%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 150 20%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 90 27.8%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
3 of 49 6.1%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 275 24.4%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
184 of 395 46.6%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
109 of 383 28.5%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
154 of 350 44%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 225 5.3%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
133 of 426 31.2%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
164 of 349 47%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
83 of 200 41.5%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
43 of 113 38.1%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
145 of 393 36.9%
Thailand
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
77 of 489 15.7%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
25 of 65 38.5%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
17 of 91 18.7%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
54 of 217 24.9%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
102 of 589 17.3%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
160 of 459 34.9%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
88 of 423 20.8%
United Arab Emirates
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
20 of 40 50%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
220 of 650 33.8%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
21 of 99 21.2%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
48 of 150 32%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 167 22.2%
Viet Nam
(TRS)
127 of 493 25.8%
Zimbabwe
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
86 of 270 31.9%

 

Total # countries with constitutional, electoral or political party quotas: 130
Average level of representation for women in countries with quotas: 26.3%

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