Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 248 27%
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
50 of 140 35.7%
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
33 of 407 8.1%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
65 of 220 29.5%
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
115 of 257 44.7%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
38 of 107 35.5%
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
47 of 151 31.1%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 183 41.5%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
73 of 350 20.9%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
63 of 150 42%
Benin
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
6 of 81 7.4%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
60 of 130 46.2%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
11 of 42 26.2%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
7 of 63 11.1%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 513 14.8%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
14 of 71 19.7%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 123 38.2%
Cabo Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 72 38.9%
Cameroon
(FPTP PBV List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 180 33.9%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
103 of 338 30.5%
Central African Republic
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 140 12.9%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
55 of 155 35.5%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
742 of 2975 24.9%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 167 18.6%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
15 of 149 10.1%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
27 of 57 47.4%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
36 of 254 14.2%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
48 of 151 31.8%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
8 of 56 14.3%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
50 of 200 25%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 65 26.2%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
53 of 190 27.9%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
53 of 137 38.7%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
164 of 592 27.7%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
23 of 84 27.4%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 100 22%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 150 22%
Eswatini
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
9 of 74 12.2%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
195 of 470 41.5%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
228 of 577 39.5%
Gabon
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
22 of 143 15.4%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 147 19%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
257 of 736 34.9%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
63 of 300 21%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
31 of 160 19.4%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 81 29.6%
Guinea-Bissau
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
14 of 102 13.7%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
25 of 70 35.7%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
0 of 119 0%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 128 27.3%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
28 of 199 14.1%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 63 47.6%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
81 of 542 14.9%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
126 of 575 21.9%
Iraq
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
95 of 329 28.9%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
37 of 160 23.1%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
36 of 120 30%
Italy
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
229 of 630 36.3%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
16 of 130 12.3%
Kazakhstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
29 of 106 27.4%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
75 of 350 21.4%
Korea, Republic of
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
55 of 295 18.6%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
41 of 120 34.2%
Kyrgyzstan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 88 20.5%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 115 24.3%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
8 of 73 11%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 170 16.5%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
40 of 141 28.4%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
20 of 60 33.3%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
44 of 192 22.9%
Malaysia
(FPTP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
33 of 220 15%
Maldives
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
4 of 87 4.6%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 121 26.4%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 79 27.8%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 153 20.3%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 70 20%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
250 of 500 50%
Moldova, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
41 of 101 40.6%
Mongolia
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 76 17.1%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
22 of 81 27.2%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
95 of 395 24.1%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
106 of 250 42.4%
Myanmar
(FPTP)
65 of 425 15.3%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
46 of 104 44.2%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
91 of 271 33.6%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
61 of 150 40.7%
New Zealand
(MMP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
59 of 120 49.2%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 91 51.6%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
43 of 166 25.9%
North Macedonia, Republic of
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
50 of 120 41.7%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 169 45%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
70 of 342 20.5%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
16 of 71 22.5%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
14 of 80 17.5%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
52 of 130 40%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 316 26.9%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
130 of 460 28.3%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 230 37%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 151 11.3%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
63 of 330 19.1%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 80 61.3%
Samoa
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
4 of 51 7.8%
San Marino
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
20 of 60 33.3%
Sao Tome and Principe
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
13 of 55 23.6%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
70 of 164 42.7%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
100 of 250 40%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 146 12.3%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
32 of 150 21.3%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
36 of 90 40%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
4 of 50 8%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
54 of 274 19.7%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
186 of 400 46.5%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
178 of 550 32.4%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
150 of 349 43%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 225 5.3%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
133 of 426 31.2%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
161 of 349 46.1%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 200 42.5%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
47 of 113 41.6%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
143 of 388 36.9%
Thailand
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
77 of 489 15.7%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
26 of 65 40%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
17 of 91 18.7%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
57 of 217 26.3%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
101 of 582 17.4%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
188 of 556 33.8%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
86 of 423 20.3%
United Arab Emirates
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
20 of 40 50%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
225 of 648 34.7%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 99 25.3%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
48 of 144 33.3%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 167 22.2%
Viet Nam
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
151 of 499 30.3%
Zimbabwe
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
81 of 265 30.6%

 

Total # countries with constitutional, electoral or political party quotas: 137
Average level of representation for women in countries with quotas: 27.4%

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.