Bahrain

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
    Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
    • Yes
    Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
      Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
      • No
      Legal provisions for recall at national level
      • No
      Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
      • No
      Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
      • No
      Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
      • Constitutional
      Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
        Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
        • Government
        First referendum/initiative held
        • 2001
        Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
        • Yes

        Question Value
        Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
        • None
        Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
        • Any issue of national importance
        Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
          Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
            Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
            • The King
            Who drafts the referendum question?
              Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
                Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
                  Requirements for a referendum to pass
                  • Optional referendum - simple majority
                  Are referendum results binding?
                  • Optional referendum - always

                  Question Value
                  Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
                    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
                      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
                        Materials to accompany an application for registration
                          Who determines the title of an initiative?
                            What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
                              Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                                At which stage legality check is conducted?
                                  Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                                    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                                      Question Value
                                      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                                        What are the grounds for recall?
                                          What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                                            When is the recall put to the vote?
                                              When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                                                Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                                                  Question Value
                                                  How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                                                    What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                                                      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                                                        Where can proposals be signed?
                                                          What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                                                            Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                                                              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                                                                Who checks the signatures?