Americas

Change region

Summaries for selected questions from the ICT in Elections database
Country
Voter registration and identification
How is the national electoral register created?
Voter registration and identification
If electoral register is created by the EMB, which method is used?
Voter registration and identification
If electoral register is created by the EMB, what type of technology used for collecting registration data?
Voter registration and identification
If the EMB uses technology to collect voter registration data, is biometric data captured and used during registration?
Voter registration and identification
Is the biometric data used in voter identification at polling stations?
Voter registration and identification
Is technology used for identifying voters at polling stations (electronic poll books)?
Voter registration and identification
How technology is used in relation paper voter lists?
E-voting
Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, is it taking place in controlled or uncontrolled environment?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, is it available for all voters or only some groups of voters?
E-voting
If e-voting is NOT currently being used, what is the current status of e-voting in general?
Processing of results
Are official election results processed by an electronic tabulation system?
Processing of results
If official election results processed by an electronic tabulation system, at which level results are entered into an electronic tabulation system?
Processing of results
In the last national election, how many days did it take for the EMB to establish final results?
Processing of results
In the last national election, how many days did it take for the EMB to announce certified results?
Usage of open source software in election administration
Does the country use open source software in electoral processes?
Usage of open source software in election administration
What are the key reasons for or against using open source systems?
Usage of open source software in election administration
What types of open source systems have been considered or used?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country provide individual online voter registration/polling assignment checks?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish the statistical overview of voter lists online?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish full voter registers at the polling station level online?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish full voter registers at the national level online?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish the lists of parties and/or candidates registered for elections online?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish the election (voting) results online?
Online data publication by EMBs
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the level of aggregation?
Online data publication by EMBs
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the level of detail?
Online data publication by EMBs
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the timing of publication of results?
Online data publication by EMBs
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, are historical results also available?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish seat allocation data online?
Online data publication by EMBs
Does the country publish candidate/party financing reports online?
Argentina Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) No data No data Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Not specified Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Belize Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used No Yes, at polling station level
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes
Bolivia Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos
Signatures
Yes No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 1 day 17 days Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use For: strengthening national sovereignty and security; Against: current licensing agreement with Microsoft is impeding the implementation of OSS. Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at polling station level
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, not machine readable No
Brazil Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, off-line
Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database
Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos
Signature
Yes Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable Yes Polling station level, offline 1 day 5 days Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use Pros: The voting machine source codes must (by law) be open to be audited by parties, public prosecutors, and bar associations. Every two years, the voting machines are submitted to public security tests, where the participants write attack plans to be executed and the results reported to the event board.
Cons: The update and upgrade policy is not always stable.
Linux kernel version 3.18, GNU C/C++ Compiler. RedHat Linux distro for database servers.
Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Regional level
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Canada Some combination of both (see comments) A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database No No No Not applicable Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Internet voting systems
In combination of both environments Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) Results are reported on the Election Day 13 days Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use Not specified ITextSharp Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface Yes, at the national level No No Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable
Chile Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station Results are reported on the Election Day 26 days Using open source systems have never been considered Functioning, reliable and secure systems needs to be guaranteed before implementation. Not applicable Yes, assigned polling station using online interface Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable
Colombia Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, fingerprint scans Yes Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station 1 day 1 day Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use Not specified JAVA Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Costa Rica Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos Yes No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station No data 15 days for first round of 2014 presidential election; 29 days for 2014 legislative elections. Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Not specified Not applicable Yes, assigned polling station using online interface Yes, at polling station level
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
Yes, at the provincial level
Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at district level
Results aggregated at provincial level
Results aggregated at regional level
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Cuba No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No data No No No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results No Yes, not machine readable No
Dominican Republic Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos Yes Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable Yes Polling station level, offline 12 days for Presidential and Legislative Elections 23 days for Presidential and Legislative Elections Using open source systems have never been considered Not specified Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at the national level No No Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Ecuador Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Other (see comments) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 6 days 16 days Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Security, guaranteed results, and the availability and support of personnel trained to use proprietary software are all cited as reasons for not adopting open source systems. The National Electoral Council has used licensed Oracle databases, with the systems developed on .NET platform. Java is currently being used. Open source tools like Zimbra (for e-mail), Alfresco (for information storage) and OTRS (for online helpdesk) are all components of the Council’s administrative infrastructure. Yes, assigned polling station using online interface Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable No
El Salvador Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used Yes National (central) EMB level 1 day 4 days Using open source systems have never been considered Against: Only commercial software is considered as reliable enough to manage Electoral Registry databases. Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
No No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Guatemala Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station 1 day 1 day No data No data No data Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, confirmation of registration using mobile phone
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Haiti Some combination of both (see comments) Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) Yes National (central) EMB level 8 days 44 days Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Department and town level No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results No No No
Honduras Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No No Not applicable Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable Yes National (central) EMB level No data 18 days Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Not specified Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
No No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, machine readable No
Jamaica Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, off-line Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos Yes Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at the constituency level No No No Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at constituency level
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes Yes, not machine readable No
Mexico Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, off-line
Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database
Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) Yes National (central) EMB level 7 days 38 days Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use Public available source code of operating systems and application servers favors transparency and code security; also the OSS are more flexible in regards of configuration options and integration with 3rd party components. It is worth noting that OSS is used with commercial support schemes such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Operating Systems, Application Servers, Web Servers, Software Development Kits, Compilers, Monitoring Tools, Security Components Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, confirmation of registration using mobile phone
Yes, at the national level Yes, access is restricted to selected stakeholders Yes, access is restricted to selected stakeholders Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Nicaragua Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, off-line Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos No No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 5 days 9 days No data No data No data Yes, assigned polling station using online interface No No No No Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
See comments See comments No No No
Panama Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos Yes No Not applicable Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
E-voting takes place both in controlled and uncontrolled environment Voters from abroad
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments)
Not applicable Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station 1 day for Presidential Elections 3 days Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Against: concerns regarding the security and privacy of the systems Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at polling station level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable National results are published
Province and District levels (administrative subdivisions, not constituencies)
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable
Paraguay Some combination of both (see comments) A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, photos Yes No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments) Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station 25 days 33 days Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use Not specified Not specified Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, confirmation of registration using mobile phone
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Yes, at the national level No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Peru Extracted from a population/civil registry Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable No Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable Yes Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 1 day 33 days Using open source systems have never been considered Not specified Not applicable Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone
Yes, at the regional level
Yes, at the national level
No No Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at provincial and district level
National results are published
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB Yes Yes, machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Trinidad and Tobago Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Technology is not used Yes, photos Yes No data No data No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used No Not applicable Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at polling station level
Yes, at the municipal level
Yes, at the constituency level
Yes, at the national level
Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at constituency level Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes Yes, machine readable No
United States Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database No Yes Yes, online/connected to central voter register Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Some states allow overseas and military voter to send ballots electronically.
E-voting takes place in controlled environment The use of electronic voting is extensive and varies considerably across and within states. Not applicable Yes Polling station level, offline
Polling station level, online connected to central station
Results processing vary among the states. Results certification vary among the states. Using open source systems is still under consideration Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at the national level
State level
No No Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
State level
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes Yes, machine readable Yes, machine readable
Uruguay Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos Yes No Not applicable No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) No Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 1 day 1 day Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use Not specified Not applicable Yes, assigned polling station using online interface Yes, at the national level No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Yes, machine readable
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Results aggregated at the electoral circuit level
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) Close to real time, as results become available to EMB
After availability of final results
Yes Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable
Venezuela Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data No data Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database Yes, fingerprint scans
Signature
Yes Yes, online/connected to central voter register Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable Yes Polling station level, online connected to central station 1 day 6 days No data No data No data Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface
Yes, at the constituency level No No Yes, not machine readable Yes, not machine readable Results aggregated at polling station level
Results aggregated at municipal level
Results aggregated at constituency level
National results are published
Parish
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) After availability of final results Yes Yes, not machine readable No
Summary of Data
How is the national electoral register created?
Value Count
Extracted from a population/civil registry 6 (24.0%)
Created by the EMB using its own data collection and/or other sources of data 15 (60.0%)
Some combination of both (see comments) 3 (12.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If electoral register is created by the EMB, which method is used?
Value Count
A continuous register (voter data is continuously collected and updated between electoral events) 16 (64.0%)
A periodic register (old data is discarded and new voter register is created for each electoral event) 0 (0.0%)
No data 2 (8.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 7 (28.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If electoral register is created by the EMB, what type of technology used for collecting registration data?
Value Count
Scanning technology for processing registration forms (Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)) 0 (0.0%)
Digital voter registration kits/computers, off-line 4 (16.7%)
Digital voter registration kits/computers, online connected to central database 13 (54.2%)
No data 1 (4.2%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 7 (29.2%)
Technology is not used 1 (4.2%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
If the EMB uses technology to collect voter registration data, is biometric data captured and used during registration?
Value Count
Yes, fingerprint scans 2 (8.3%)
Yes, photos 2 (8.3%)
Yes, both fingerprint scans and photos 10 (41.7%)
No 2 (8.3%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (4.2%)
Not applicable 7 (29.2%)
Other 3 (12.5%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
Is the biometric data used in voter identification at polling stations?
Value Count
Yes 12 (50.0%)
No 11 (45.8%)
No data 1 (4.2%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
Is technology used for identifying voters at polling stations (electronic poll books)?
Value Count
Yes, online/connected to central voter register 2 (8.3%)
Yes, offline/only access to polling station registration data 5 (20.8%)
No 15 (62.5%)
No data 2 (8.3%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
How technology is used in relation paper voter lists?
Value Count
Technology is used in addition to paper voter lists 7 (29.2%)
Technology is used instead of paper voter lists 0 (0.0%)
No data 2 (8.3%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 15 (62.5%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?
Value Count
Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) 7 (28.0%)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) 6 (24.0%)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) 1 (4.0%)
No, e-voting is not used currently 14 (56.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
Value Count
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) 5 (20.0%)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) 4 (16.0%)
Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) 1 (4.0%)
Internet voting systems 2 (8.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Not applicable 14 (56.0%)
Other 2 (8.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If e-voting is currently being used, is it taking place in controlled or uncontrolled environment?
Value Count
E-voting takes place in controlled environment 8 (32.0%)
E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment 0 (0.0%)
In combination of both environments 1 (4.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 14 (56.0%)
Other 1 (4.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If e-voting is currently being used, is it available for all voters or only some groups of voters?
Value Count
All voters 3 (12.0%)
Voters from abroad 1 (4.0%)
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) 6 (24.0%)
Military voters 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Not applicable 14 (56.0%)
Other 1 (4.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If e-voting is NOT currently being used, what is the current status of e-voting in general?
Value Count
E-voting has never been used 7 (28.0%)
E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments) 1 (4.0%)
E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) 6 (24.0%)
No data 1 (4.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 10 (40.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Are official election results processed by an electronic tabulation system?
Value Count
Yes 20 (87.0%)
No 2 (8.7%)
No data 1 (4.3%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 23
Missing data 2
Grand total 25
If official election results processed by an electronic tabulation system, at which level results are entered into an electronic tabulation system?
Value Count
Polling station level, offline 3 (13.0%)
Polling station level, online connected to central station 8 (34.8%)
Between polling station level and central level (see comments) 7 (30.4%)
National (central) EMB level 4 (17.4%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (4.3%)
Not applicable 1 (4.3%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 23
Missing data 2
Grand total 25
In the last national election, how many days did it take for the EMB to establish final results?
Total 22
Missing data 3
Grand total 25
In the last national election, how many days did it take for the EMB to announce certified results?
Total 22
Missing data 3
Grand total 25
Does the country use open source software in electoral processes?
Value Count
Open source systems are currently being introduced or are in use 5 (23.8%)
Using open source systems have never been considered 4 (19.0%)
Using open source systems is still under consideration 1 (4.8%)
Open source systems have been considered, but are not in use 7 (33.3%)
Open source systems were used, but have been abandoned 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 4 (19.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 21
Missing data 4
Grand total 25
What are the key reasons for or against using open source systems?
Value Count
No data 4 (20.0%)
Not specified 9 (45.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Other 9 (45.0%)
Total 20
Missing data 5
Grand total 25
What types of open source systems have been considered or used?
Value Count
No data 4 (20.0%)
Not specified 1 (5.0%)
Not applicable 10 (50.0%)
Other 6 (30.0%)
Total 20
Missing data 5
Grand total 25
Does the country provide individual online voter registration/polling assignment checks?
Value Count
No 2 (8.0%)
Yes, confirmation of registration using online interface 15 (60.0%)
Yes, assigned polling station using online interface 22 (88.0%)
Yes, confirmation of registration using mobile phone 3 (12.0%)
Yes, assigned polling station using mobile phone 6 (24.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish the statistical overview of voter lists online?
Value Count
No 4 (16.0%)
Yes, at polling station level 5 (20.0%)
Yes, at the municipal level 8 (32.0%)
Yes, at the constituency level 11 (44.0%)
Yes, at the national level 18 (72.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 4 (16.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish full voter registers at the polling station level online?
Value Count
No 22 (88.0%)
Yes, access is restricted to selected stakeholders 1 (4.0%)
Yes, not machine readable 2 (8.0%)
Yes, machine readable 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish full voter registers at the national level online?
Value Count
No 22 (88.0%)
Yes, access is restricted to selected stakeholders 1 (4.0%)
Yes, not machine readable 2 (8.0%)
Yes, machine readable 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish the lists of parties and/or candidates registered for elections online?
Value Count
No 2 (8.0%)
Yes, not machine readable 19 (76.0%)
Yes, machine readable 6 (24.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish the election (voting) results online?
Value Count
No 0 (0.0%)
No, available only to selected stakeholders 0 (0.0%)
Yes, not machine readable 16 (64.0%)
Yes, machine readable 18 (72.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 1 (4.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the level of aggregation?
Value Count
Results aggregated at polling station level 18 (72.0%)
Results aggregated at municipal level 16 (64.0%)
Results aggregated at constituency level 21 (84.0%)
National results are published 22 (88.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 10 (40.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the level of detail?
Value Count
Full details (total votes cast, votes cast for each candidate/party, invalid votes) 24 (96.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 1 (4.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, what is the timing of publication of results?
Value Count
Close to real time, as results become available to EMB 16 (64.0%)
After availability of final results 16 (64.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 1 (4.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
If the country publishes the election (voting) results online, are historical results also available?
Value Count
No 4 (16.0%)
Yes 21 (84.0%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 25
Missing data 0
Grand total 25
Does the country publish seat allocation data online?
Value Count
No 2 (8.3%)
Yes, not machine readable 15 (62.5%)
Yes, machine readable 7 (29.2%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25
Does the country publish candidate/party financing reports online?
Value Count
No 9 (37.5%)
Yes, not machine readable 11 (45.8%)
Yes, machine readable 5 (20.8%)
Not applicable 0 (0.0%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 24
Missing data 1
Grand total 25