What we did: Together with the Arab Network for Women in Elections, we worked with election management bodies in Libya, Palestine and Tunisia to draft the first code of conduct to prevent violence against women during parliamentary elections.
What we achieved: The Central Elections Commission in Palestine launched a Code of Conduct to prevent violence against women in politics; it was endorsed and signed by political parties. The Independent High Authority for Elections in Tunisia developed its first charter on the same subject.
Who we did it with: The Arab Network for Women in Elections, the Central Elections Commission in Palestine, the Independent High Authority for Elections in Tunisia and the High National Elections Commission in Libya
Impact area: Electoral Processes
Boundary partners: Electoral management bodies
Political violence against women is one of the most striking yet most denied scourges in the Arab region. Some 79.6 per cent of women parliamentarians have experienced multiple types of violence, according to a survey by the Arab Women Parliamentarians Network for Equality—Pioneers in the Arab World. The survey encompassed included 216 Arab women parliamentarians. Women are subject to violence as voters and candidates. With the absence of institutional and legal mechanisms, official election management bodies (EMBs) are often unable to deal with the issue.
International IDEA supported the Arab Network for Women in Elections in encouraging election bodies to fulfil their responsibilities to prevent violence against women during elections.
International IDEA is conducting similar work with the High National Elections Commission in Libya, although elections in that country have been continually delayed by civil war and competing governments.
International IDEA organized, in partnership with the Arab Network for Women in Elections, a regional workshop to present the various codes of conduct and documents that it supported in the prevention of violence against women during the elections in October 2021.
We provided support for the Central Elections Commission in Palestine ahead of scheduled parliamentary elections in drafting the first code of conduct to prevent election-related violence against women. Although the elections were postponed, the Commission adapted the draft for use in the regional elections of December 2021. In October, the Code was launched at an official ceremony during which political parties endorsed and signed it.
We supported the Independent High Authority for Elections in Tunisia in developing its first charter on violence against women in politics.