Combating Corruption: Constitutional Frameworks for the Middle East and North Africa

This publication is available in print and electronic format
Published: 
20 August 2015
Language: 
English
Pages: 
164
ISBN: 
978-91-87729-86-7
Author(s): 
Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
Co-Publisher(s): 
Center for Constitutional Transitions, United Nations Development Programme
Available Languages:

The term ‘corruption’ is used to describe a wide range of dishonest behaviour, including bribery, embezzlement, abuse of authority, extortion, illicit enrichment, kickbacks, and trading in influence, in addition to actions connected to, and often used to aid in the commission of, corrupt activities such as money laundering, concealment and obstruction of justice.

There is no comprehensive and universally accepted definition of corruption. An alternative approach has been to identify the acts or offences that constitute corrupt practices. In general, these acts and offences share two components: first, they involve the misuse of authority in the public or private sector in order that, second, the persons misusing the authority derive a benefit to which they are not entitled.

This report considers the constitutional frameworks and mechanisms available to prevent and reduce corruption, with particular reference to the transitional states of the Arab region. It examines what can be done to improve anti-corruption frameworks, in particular by exploring how national institutions should be coordinated to reduce the opportunities for corruption.

The report studies existing frameworks within the region, including some of the new constitutions that were drafted since 2010, as well as a large number of comparative examples from other jurisdictions, to determine what lessons exist for the broader region.

Contents

About this Report

Acknowledgements

Preface

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

2. Legislatures

3. Supreme Audit Institutions

4. Specialized Anti-corruption Agencies

5. Anti-corruption Courts and Prosecutors

6. Disclosure and Transparency

Bibliography

Endnotes

Related Content

Jun
22
2017
Expert panel during the Money in Politics Regional Conference in Tbilisi, Georgia, June 2017

Expert panel during the Money in Politics Regional Conference in Tbilisi, Georgia, June 2017

Feature Story
Jun
22
2017
Sergio Bitar, member of the Board of Advisers of International IDEA received the Guillermo O’Donnell Award and Lectureship by the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) in Lima, Peru, on 29 April 2017. In this photo, Mr. Bitar is joined by the members of the award’s committee, Prof. Gabriela Ippolito-O'Donnell and Prof. Kevin Midlebrook. Photo credit: LASA. 

Sergio Bitar, member of the Board of Advisers of International IDEA received the Guillermo O’Donnell Award and Lectureship by the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) in Lima, Peru, on 29 April 2017. In this photo, Mr. Bitar is joined by the members of the award’s committee, Prof. Gabriela Ippolito-O'Donnell and Prof. Kevin Midlebrook. Photo credit: LASA. 

News Article