Combating Corruption: Constitutional Frameworks for the Middle East and North Africa

This publication is available in print and electronic format
Published: 
20 August 2015
Language: 
English
Pages: 
164
ISBN: 
978-91-87729-86-7
Author(s): 
Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
Co-Publisher(s): 
Center for Constitutional Transitions, United Nations Development Programme
Available Languages:

The term ‘corruption’ is used to describe a wide range of dishonest behaviour, including bribery, embezzlement, abuse of authority, extortion, illicit enrichment, kickbacks, and trading in influence, in addition to actions connected to, and often used to aid in the commission of, corrupt activities such as money laundering, concealment and obstruction of justice.

There is no comprehensive and universally accepted definition of corruption. An alternative approach has been to identify the acts or offences that constitute corrupt practices. In general, these acts and offences share two components: first, they involve the misuse of authority in the public or private sector in order that, second, the persons misusing the authority derive a benefit to which they are not entitled.

This report considers the constitutional frameworks and mechanisms available to prevent and reduce corruption, with particular reference to the transitional states of the Arab region. It examines what can be done to improve anti-corruption frameworks, in particular by exploring how national institutions should be coordinated to reduce the opportunities for corruption.

The report studies existing frameworks within the region, including some of the new constitutions that were drafted since 2010, as well as a large number of comparative examples from other jurisdictions, to determine what lessons exist for the broader region.

Contents

About this Report

Acknowledgements

Preface

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

2. Legislatures

3. Supreme Audit Institutions

4. Specialized Anti-corruption Agencies

5. Anti-corruption Courts and Prosecutors

6. Disclosure and Transparency

Bibliography

Endnotes

Related Content

Sep
22
2017
Dr Daniel Zovatto, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean for International IDEA during his remarks at the seminar "The challenge of political financing in Argentina and in Córdoba".

Dr Daniel Zovatto, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean for International IDEA during his remarks at the seminar "The challenge of political financing in Argentina and in Córdoba".

News Article
Sep
14
2017
Mr Krishna Prasad Jaisi, Spokesperson of Association of District Development Committees of Nepal (ADDCN) delivering his views/speech. Photo credit: International IDEA.

Mr Krishna Prasad Jaisi, Spokesperson of Association of District Development Committees of Nepal (ADDCN) delivering his views/speech. Photo credit: International IDEA. 

News Article
Sep
06
2017
Panel discussion on "Money and politics" during the Conference on Electoral Integrity in Latin America held on August 14 and 15, 2017 in Mexico City. From left to right: Michael Svetlik, Vice President of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES); Juan Pablo Pozo, President of the National Electoral Council of Ecuador; María Marván, President of Transparencia Mexico and Dr Daniel Zovatto, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean of International IDEA. Photo Credit: International

Panel discussion on "Money and politics" during the Conference on Electoral Integrity in Latin America held on August 14 and 15, 2017 in Mexico City. From left to right: Michael Svetlik, Vice President of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES); Juan Pablo Pozo, President of the National Electoral Council of Ecuador; María Marván, President of Transparencia Mexico and Dr Daniel Zovatto, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean of International IDEA. Photo Credit: International IDEA.

News Article
Sep
06
2017
Panel de discusión sobre en la Conferencia sobre Integridad Electoral en América Latina realizado el 14 y 15 de agosto de 2017 en la Ciudad de México. De izquierda a derecha: Michael Svetlik, vicepresidente de la Fundación Internacional para Sistemas Electorales (IFES); Juan Pablo Pozo, presidente del Consejo Nacional Electoral de Ecuador; María Marván, presidenta de Transparencia México y Daniel Zovatto, director regional para América Latina y el Caribe de IDEA Internacional. Crédito: IDEA Internacional.

Panel de discusión sobre “Dinero y política en la “Conferencia sobre Integridad Electoral en América Latina” realizado el 14 y 15 de agosto de 2017 en la Ciudad de México. De izquierda a derecha: Michael Svetlik, vicepresidente de la Fundación Internacional para Sistemas Electorales (IFES); Juan Pablo Pozo, presidente del Consejo Nacional Electoral de Ecuador; María Marván, presidenta de Transparencia México y Daniel Zovatto, director regional para América Latina y el Caribe de IDEA Internacional. Crédito foto: IDEA Internacional..

News Article