Electoral Justice Database

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About the Database

Please note that we are working on the migration of our databases. Therefore, data for some countries may be incorrect. 

Thank you for your patience as we continue to improve our databases. 

The Electoral Justice Database is a comprehensive source of global comparative data on electoral dispute mechanisms that has been divided into four main topics. The topics include procedures of dispute resolution related to election results, political party and candidate nomination and registration, election campaign finance and election-related criminal offences. The laws and regulations were compiled from different sources, including the official web portals of governments, regional organizations working in the area of democracy and electoral processes, and national EMBs or other bodies working with elections. The database allows you to sort data by geographical scope, filter data by election type, and define the output by issues covering the four main topics.

The information in the database is divided into four sections.

1. The first section

challenges to election results, provides comparative data on electoral dispute resolution systems designed to deal with challenges to election results. Data includes details on jurisdiction, timelines, and standing to bring such challenges.

2. The second section

challenges related to political party/candidate registration or nomination part is designed to provide comparative data on how disputes during nomination and/or registration of candidates are handled in various countries.

3. The third section

challenges related to campaign financing, covers institutional oversight of campaign finance and the procedures of handling infractions related to breaches of regulations. It also includes the types of non-criminal sanctions against such infractions.

4. The final section

covers election related criminal offences. This part provides comparative data on how criminal offences related to election processes are treated. Users can find data on the types of offences described in the law and available sanctions.

METHODOLOGY

The initial global comparative data on Electoral Justice (EJ) was gathered in parallel to the development of the Electoral Justice: The International IDEA Handbook published by International IDEA in 2010. This original dataset contained only two parts: one related to election results and another related to all other issues. During 2013-2014, we engaged in full scale update and expansion of the original EJ database. The database made available now is more comprehensive and targets four topics in more detail. The present topics include procedures of dispute resolution related to

  • election results;
  • political party and candidate nomination/registration;
  • election campaign finance;
  • election-related criminal offences.

The new data was collected by a group of researchers who conducted desk research reviewing electoral laws and regulations around the world. The laws and regulations were compiled from different sources, including the official web portals of governments, regional organizations working in the area of democracy and electoral processes, and national EMBs or other bodies working with elections. The following research centers and organizations provided valuable support to collect global comparative data:

  • Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa (EISA), South Africa
  • Institute for Education in Democracy (IED), Kenya
  • Central European University, Hungary
  • In addition, a group of dedicated researchers representing different parts of the globe participated in the data collection.

The Electoral Justice database has its own search engine which allows users to sort data by geographical scope, filter data by election type, and define the output by issues covering four topics mentioned above. We conduct regular desk research to update electoral justice database. In addition, periodic global studies are conducted which involve regional researchers and organizations that contribute the most current data on new regional developments.

We invites researchers and practitioners working in the area of electoral justice to contribute to the update of the electoral justice database. If users note that the database has missing data, or if they find data that is incorrect, missing sources or requires more explanation, they can use the edit icon next to the data or click on the data in the preview window, and fill in the “Edit data” form. We will review the submission as soon as possible and update the database if the data suggested is correct.

FAQ

The database was created by International IDEA to store, update and analyze data from more than 10 years of research. The community is encouraged to use the information and help us to improve existing entries and keep the database up to date.
The data has been collected by International IDEA and its partners during previous and ongoing projects. We are now encouraging the community to assist in the maintenance of the data, but will approve all submissions and check accuracy and sources wherever possible.
Most pages showing data include an edit icon that will take you to an edit page. Here you can edit the current data, add new data for a different year or simply add a comment, link or an additional source.
To make sure that real people are editing data, we require a valid email address. The first time you make an edit from a computer, we send a verification email that then stores a special code in a cookie. Any other edits you make from that computer are connected to that same email address.
Each of the thematic pages has a list of example queries that cover common searches of interest. You can also choose to select all countries and all fields to view and export all the data for that theme. Currently there is no option to export all the data from the entire database at once.

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