Name: Manmohan Malhoutra (India)
Title: Former Treasurer of International IDEA
Education: Masters degrees in History from the University of Oxford, England and Delhi University
Current and Previous Positions: Secretary-General of the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, India; former Assistant Secretary-General of the Commonwealth and adviser to the former Prime Minister of India, Mrs Indira Gandhi.
After entering the Indian Administrative Service in 1961, he served in the Indian Prime Minister's Office from 1966-1974 as an advisor on foreign policy and a range of environmental issues. In 1975 he became Special Assistant to the Commonwealth Secretary-general and in 1977 the Director and Head of both the Secretary-General's Office and the International Affairs Division. He led the Commonwealth Secretariat team which monitored Zimbabwe's pre-independence elections in 1980. As Assistant Secretary-general from 1982-1993, he played a major role in Commonwealth efforts to achieve a democratic non-racial South Africa, most notably through the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group.